Saturday, July 6, 2019

YCPO - July 2019


Young Children Newsletter, July 2019

A Great Young Children SERVICE PROJECT

Provide activity packets for children inEmergency Room waiting areas.1) for older children 6-8 yrs that can read and do simple word search puzzles, mazes, tic tac doe, and more intricate coloring sheets. 2) for 3-5 yr olds with very simple coloring sheets etc. Each activity packet was placed in a Manila envelope and labelled “Busy Bee”. A Kiwanis label can be placed on the envelope. The Club involved their Key Club to help stuff the envelopes and decorate them.
For questions please contact
Reona Dyess
Kiwanis Club of New London CT.

PARENT EDUCATION AND SUPPORT

AUTISM EDUCATION AND AWARENESS

Fact: Autism affects one in 68 children each year including 1 in 42 boys and their families.

Autism is becoming a global problem; more children will be diagnosed with Autism this year than AIDS, diabetes and cancer combined. Autism is the fastest growing developmental disorder in the U.S. Early detection means earlier access to intervention during sensitive brain development. Most children today are diagnosed between the age of 3 and 6 rears. Approximately 75% to 86% of those children who receive early intervention services between the ages of 2 and 7 will develop some form of functional communication by age 9. It would be most beneficial to the child if diagnosis were to occur by 18 months of age. By detecting and diagnosing these disorders early on, intervention can be initiated earlier and positive results can occur. Cost of lifelong care can be reduced by 2/3 with early diagnosis and intervention. The U.S. cost of autism over the lifespan is about $2.4 million for a person with an intellectual disability, or $1.4 million for a person without intellectual disability
The latest look at autism in the U.S. shows a startling 30 percent jump among 8-year-olds diagnosed with the disorder in a two-year period, to one in every 68 children  (including 1 in 42 boys) will be diagnosed with this disorder.

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, which did the survey, says the numbers almost certainly reflect more awareness and diagnosis of kids who would have been missed in years past.

“The number of children diagnosed with autism continues to rise,” the agency’s Dr. Coleen Boyle told reporters.
But the CDC noted that the numbers vary greatly from state to state, and it did not use a nationally representative sample, but a look at groups of children in 11 states.

There is NO link between autism and childhood vaccines, a major new study finds.
The systematic international review, first of its kind, conducted by University of Sydney researchers reports “No statistical data to support a link between vaccines for measles, mumps, rubella, diphtheria, tetanus and whooping cough and the development of autism or autism spectrum disorders.”www.myasdf.org)

WHAT CAN KIWANIS CLUBS DO?

•   CONTACT the Autism Spectrum Disorder Foundation (www.myasdf.org) for materials to distribute to pediatricians, clinics, parenting classes etc.  Autism rates today are 3 to 4 times higher than 30 years ago. It is imperative that we increase public awareness of the effects of autism on individuals and families. EDUCATE THE PULBIC!

•   SUPPORT Camp Scholarships (run by ASDF)  which allow autistic children the opportunity to explore new horizons and develop social skills. 

DOWNS SYNDROME

Fact:  Down syndrome is the most commonly occurring chromosomal condition. One in every 691 babies in the United States is born with Down syndrome.

 Down syndrome occurs when some or all of a person’s cells have an extra full or partial copy of chromosome 21. This additional genetic material alters the course of development and causes the characteristics associated with Down syndrome.
   
There are more than 400,000 people living with Down syndrome in the United States in people of all races and economic levels.
     
The incidence of births of children with Down syndrome increases with the age of the mother. But due to higher fertility rates in younger women, 80% of children with Down syndrome are born to women under 35 years of age.
      
 People with Down syndrome have an increased risk for certain medical conditions such as congenital heart defects, respiratory and hearing problems, Alzheimer's disease, childhood leukemia, and thyroid conditions. Many of these conditions are now treatable, so most people with Down syndrome lead healthy lives.

WHAT CAN KIWANIS CLUBS DO?
1   Donate
2   Shop NDSS
3   Partner
4   Attend an Event
5.  Organize a Buddy Walk Event

    The Buddy Walk was established in 1995 by the National Down Syndrome Society to celebrate Down Syndrome Awareness Month in October and to promote acceptance and inclusion of people with Down syndrome. Today, the Buddy Walk program is supported nationally by NDSS and organized at the local level by parent support groups, schools and other organizations and individuals.

    Over the past sixteen years, the Buddy Walk program has grown from 17 walks to nearly 300 across the country and around the world. Last year alone, 285,000 people participated in a Buddy Walk! They raised more than $11.2 million to benefit local programs and services as well as the national advocacy initiatives that benefit all individuals with Down syndrome.

    The Buddy Walk is a one-mile walk in which anyone can participate without special training. It is an inspirational and educational event that celebrates the many abilities and accomplishments of people with Down syndrome. Whether you have Down syndrome, know someone who does, or just want to show your support,  join a Buddy Walk in your local community!

•   BUDDY WALKS CONTINUE THROUGHOUT THE YEAR; CHECK THE WEBSITE. THERE ARE WALKS GOING ON IN NEW ENGLAND IN SEPTEMBER AND OCTOBER 2019.

I hope that your Club can find one new project to do from all the information  I am including in my newsletters. If one new Young Children Project is completed, then I have achieved my goal.  Of course I hope we all do more! We have lots of work to do;  let's  just do it!

Ava Adams, District Chair
Young Children Committee
New England and Bermuda District of Kiwanis


Tuesday, June 11, 2019

YCPO - June 2019


June 2019 Young Children Newsletter

Good Morning fellow Kiwanians! 

Fact: Every year 60% of drownings occur in rural lakes, ponds and gravel pits.
Fact: Preventable injury is the number one killer of children in most developed countries.
Fact: In a single year more than 14 million children in the U.S. are injured seriously enough to require medical treatment.
Fact: Heat is much more dangerous to children than it is to adults. When left in a hot vehicle, a young child’s core body temperature can increase three to five times faster than that of an adult, which can cause permanent injury or even death. (“Children In And Around Cars” www.safekids.org)

SAFETY AND PEDIATRIC TRAUMA
It only takes one accident to permanently injure or kill a child. That is why parents and children need safety education. In the United States alone, several thousand children age 4 and under die each year because of accidental injuries. Forty-five times that number are hospitalized. The leading causes of death for children 1 to 4 years old are motor vehicles, fires/ burns, drowning, choking, poisonings and falls. When a serious accident does occur, special expertise and equipment may be needed to save the child’s life. That is why a pediatric trauma center should be linked to every community. Now that summer is quickly approaching, there are many potential projects that can be done to educate the public and help prevent injuries while kids are enjoying their summer vacation.

HOME SAFETY CHECKLIST***
The Home Safety Checklist Brochure is designed to help protect family members from unintentional injuries. It is designed to be an easy room-to-room survey that will quickly point out dangers that need to be changed immediately. It covers the kitchen, basement and garages, outdoor play areas, bathroom, child's bedroom, play areas, windows, stairs and railings, electrical outlets, and fixtures, and general living areas.

 WHAT CAN KIWANIS CLUBS DO?
Distribute this brochure to Pediatricians, Clinics, Day Care Center,
Health Fairs, Pre-school Programs, Health Department, Hospitals that offer Prenatal Classes or New Mom Classes.




OPEN WATER SAFETY***
This brochure covers tips for open water safety: never swim in drainage ditches, what to do in an emergency situation if a child is struggling in the water or if a child is unconscious in the water etc.
Distribute this brochure to schools, day care centers, Fire/Police Departments, Fishing Derby, any organized family day sponsored by Kiwanis, pool supply stores, public beach concession stands.

Set up a car seat program***
Kiwanis clubs can make sure that safety seats are available to everyone in the community by setting up a car seat loan program. This involves purchasing or securing donations of new car seats, establishing a location (car dealership, hospital, police station) from which the seats will be loaned or given, establishing the criteria for providing a seat to a family and making sure the people handing out the car seats have the training to install them properly.

Educate the community about scald burns***  

Smoke Alarm Safety
One-third of the smoke detectors installed in houses don’t work. If a fire occurs, they won’t make a sound, because most smoke alarms still contain their original batteries. A simple project can solve this problem: an annual campaign for everyone to check the batteries in their smoke detectors. This can involve ads in the local paper or distribution of fliers. This campaign can be expanded to include distribution of batteries and smoke detectors in neighborhoods.

Distribute Choke-Test Tubes
An adult learns about an object by looking at it. A young child learns about it by putting it in his mouth. Telling a toddler to stop putting objects in his mouth has little or no effect. The proper safety precaution is to make sure the child doesn’t play with toys on which he could choke, and there is a device—called a choke- test tube—that helps parents determine this. If a toy or the
smallest piece of a toy fit inside the tube, it is unsafe for children age 3 and under. The federal government has established a size for safe toys for kids under 3: A small part should be at least 1.25 inch diameter and 2.25 inch long. Any part smaller than this is a potential choking hazard. When parents shop for a toy, they need to make sure it has no parts smaller than these dimensions. Inexpensive,
clear plastic tubes that parents can use to test small parts are available from stores specializing in children’s toys and furnishings. A toilet paper roll or other empty cardboard tube would also work to test toys if a choke-test tube is unavailable. Distributing the tubes and educating parents could be a project by itself, or it could be part of a parenting fair.



Support A Pediatric Trauma Program
****KIWANIS PEDIATRIC TRAUMA INSTITUTE (KPTI) is supported by the Kiwanis Foundation of New England and other sponsors. Materials are available from KPTI which deal with prevention. ***materials available from KPTI

Other safety brochures available from KPTI
Window Safety
Summer Safety
Pedestrian Safety
Water Safety
Holiday/Winter Safety
Fire Safety
After School Safety
Poison Information

Car Safety In And Around Cars
Nearly 10% of motor vehicle related deaths DO NOT occur on public highways or in vehicular accidents or traffic, but happen in parking lots, driveways or when children are left unattended in vehicles. This is a serious public health issue and these deaths are totally preventable.

NEVER LEAVE A CHILD ALONE IN OR NEAR A CAR
From 1998 to 2010, more than 494 children – most of them 2 years old and younger – died from heat stroke after being left or becoming trapped in a car.
These deaths fall into three main categories: children who were trapped while playing in a vehicle without supervision; children who were accidentally left behind; and children who were intentionally left alone in a car.
Leaving a child in a vehicle for a “quick” errand is a huge mistake. A delay of just a few minutes on a warm day can lead to tragedy.

SPOT THE TOT
Each year almost 2,500 children ages 1 to 14 go to emergency rooms with injuries sustained from a vehicle backing up. On average, another 230 kids in that same age group die, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Danger can come from any direction, and children should never play in driveways, in parking lots or on sidewalks when vehicles are present.

PREVENTING TRUNK ENTRAPMENT
For many kids, a car trunk looks like a fun place to play or hide. Tragically, many families have discovered that kids can get in but they can’t always get out. A trunk can be deadly for an unattended child.
Children can access trunks in several ways, even without having the vehicle’s keys. Most cars have a lever or button located near the driver’s seat that pops the trunk open, while other cars also have fold-down seats or a “pass through” that enables children to climb into the trunk from the back seat. Always lock all vehicle doors. For more information, a brochure and checklist for parents, go to www.safekids.org

Kiwanis Clubs can help by increasing public awareness of problems of children and car safety
– distribute information at grocery stores, to childcare centers, pediatrician’s offices etc.

I hope there is at least one project that motivates you to do more for our children to promote safety in our communities. Imagine the lives and money we could save by promoting prevention education to parents and families. With the high cost of hospitalization, insurance and emergency room care today in the U.S. we could all do
our part to educate parents to keep their children safe and possibly lower rising health care costs.

Please remember that without the support of the Kiwanis Foundation of New England the Kiwanis Pediatric Trauma Center Programs could not function.

So I hope your Club will consider making a donation to the KFNE, and if you wish the money to go to KPTI you can indicate “KPTI” on the memo line of your check. Kiwanis Clubs need to support these programs if we wish them to continue.

Kiwanis Foundation of New England
P.O. Box 2307
Westfield, MA 01086

Sincerely,
Ava Adams, District Chair
Young Children Committee
New England and Bermuda District


Saturday, May 4, 2019

YCPO - May 2019


SUDDEN INFANT DEATH SYNDROME (SIDS)

Facts:
SIDS is the leading cause of death among babies between 1 month and 1 year of age.

More than 2,000 babies died of SIDS in 2010, the last year for which such statistics are available.

Most SIDS deaths occur when in babies between 1 month and 4 months of age, and the majority (90%) of SIDS deaths occur before a baby reaches 6 months of age. However SIDS deaths can occur anytime during a baby's first year.

SIDS is a sudden and silent medical disorder that can happen to an infant who seems healthy. 

Slightly more boys die of SIDS than do girls.

SIDS rates for the United States have dropped steadily since 1994 in all racial and ethnic groups. Thousands of infant lives have been saved, but some ethnic groups are still at higher risk for SIDS.


SUDDEN INFANT DEATH SYNDROME (SIDS)
Information provided by the Mayo Clinic

DEFINITION
Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is the unexplained death, usually during sleep, of a seemingly healthy baby less than a year old. SIDS is sometimes known as crib death because the infants often die in their cribs.
Although the cause is unknown, it appears that SIDS may be associated with abnormalities in the portion of an infant's brain that controls breathing and arousal from sleep.


Researchers have discovered some factors that may put babies at extra risk. They've also identified some measures you can take to help protect your child from SIDS. Perhaps the most important measure is placing your baby on his or her back to sleep.

Causes

Physical factors

   •    Brain abnormalities. Some infants are born with problems that make them more likely to die of SIDS. In many of these babies, the portion of the brain that controls breathing and arousal from sleep isn't yet mature enough to work properly.
   •    Low birth weight. Premature birth or being part of a multiple birth increases the likelihood that a baby's brain hasn't matured completely, so he or she has less control over such automatic processes as breathing and heart rate.
   •    Respiratory infection.  Many infants who died of SIDS had recently had a cold, which may contribute to breathing problems.

Sleep environmental factors

   •    Sleeping on the stomach or side. Babies who are placed on their stomachs or sides to sleep may have more difficulty breathing than those placed on their backs.
   •    Sleeping on a soft surface. Lying face down on a fluffy comforter or a waterbed can block an infant's airway. Draping a blanket over a baby's head also is risky.
•           Sleeping with parents. While the risk of SIDS is lowered if an infant sleeps in the same room as his or her parents, the risk increases if the baby sleeps in the same bed — partly because there are more soft surfaces to impair breathing.

The AAP (American Academy of Pediatrics) recommends that  the baby sleep in the parent’s room at night for at least the first six months and ideally for the first year. Positioning the crib, bassinet, or play yard close to the bed allows one to easily reach the baby for nighttime feeding and comforting.
   




Risk factors

Although sudden infant death syndrome can strike any infant, researchers have identified several factors that may increase a baby's risk. They include:
   •    Sex. Boys are more likely to die of SIDS.
   •    Age. Infants are most vulnerable during the second and third months of life.
   •    Race. For reasons that aren't well-understood, black, American Indian or Alaska Native infants are more likely to develop SIDS.
   •    Family history. Babies who've had siblings or cousins die of SIDS are at higher risk of SIDS.
   •    Secondhand smoke. Babies who live with smokers have a higher risk of SIDS.
   •    Being premature. Both being born early and having low birth weight increase your baby's chances of SIDS.


Maternal risk factors

During pregnancy, the risk of SIDS is also affected by the mother, especially if she:
   •    Is younger than 20
   •    Smokes cigarettes
   •    Uses drugs or alcohol
   •    Has inadequate prenatal care
   
UPDATE

29th March 2018 – Babies who die from SIDS are more likely to have rare genetic mutations that cause them to have weaker breathing muscles, according to a new study.

It is not known why some babies die suddenly from SIDS, but babies being unable to regulate their breathing is thought to be an important condition.
The latest research suggests a possible genetic element to the disorder.
However, the researchers stress that further investigations are needed to understand the link, and whether medication might be suitable to prevent baby deaths.

HOW CAN KIWANIS CLUBS HELP?

   •    Educate the public  by distributing this information at Health Fairs, Pediatrician's Offices, OB/GYN Offices, Urgent Care Facilities,  Day Care Providers etc. 

Copy and paste the following in your browser. You will find a brochure on SIDS available from KPTI for distribution to the public.


Ava Adams,  District Chair
 Young Children  Committee
Member, Kiwanis international 
Committee on Young Children
Scarborough Maine Kiwanis Club
New England and Bermuda District of Kiwanis

Wednesday, April 3, 2019

YCPO - April 2019


April 2019 Young Children Newsletter

Good Morning fellow Kiwanians!

According to data from the National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System (NCANDS), 49 States reported a total of 1,585 fatalities.
Nationally it is estimated 1,670 children died from abuse or neglect in 2015, which is 5.7 percent more than in 2011. This translates to a rate of 2.25 children per 100,000 children in the general population and an average of nearly five children dying every day from abuse or neglect

Three-quarters (74.8 percent) of child fatalities in 2015 involved children younger than 3 years, and children younger than 1 year accounted for 49.4 percent of all fatalities. 

 In 80% of child abuse and neglect cases, the alleged abusers are overwhelmed, stressed parents who took their frustrations out on their own children; in other cases child abuse results because some parents were abused as children and never learned how to be a good parent. 

DO YOU KNOW APRIL IS CHILD ABUSE PREVENTION MONTH?
In the United States, April is Child Abuse Prevention Month. A Kiwanis club could assist local events for Child Abuse Prevention Month in a variety of ways: 

Recognition event. Hold a luncheon, dinner, award ceremony or other event to publicly thank child protection workers, foster parents, a media personality or others who have made a significant contribution to preventing child abuse.

Publicity. Send press releases to local radio and television stations.
Proclamation. Work with the sponsoring organization to have government leaders issue 
proclamations supporting Child Abuse Prevention Month.
Church events. Contact places of worship and propose that they set aside a weekend to 
celebrate children and families. Suggest a sermon or discussion on disciplining without shouting or spanking, reaching out to parents having difficulty with their children or the importance of positive parenting for physical, emotional and spiritual good health. 
Blue ribbon campaign. Urge everyone in the community to wear a blue ribbon during April, to show that they know child abuse is an important problem. If appropriate, make the wearing of the blue ribbon a reminder of a child in the community who died from child abuse during the past year. 
Kids day. Organize a “Kids for Kids” parade dedicated to children featuring children. 

WHAT CAN  KIWANIS CLUBS DO? 

•   WORK WITH OTHER ORGANIZATIONS

One of the best ways for a Kiwanis club to effect change in child abuse situations is to work with organizations already addressing the problem. In many countries there is a group dedicated to preventing child abuse through public education, such as UNICEF and the International Society for Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect. The United States is fortunate to have chapters of Prevent Child Abuse America in most areas. Using their website, www.preventchildabuse.org, you can find your local chapter. 

•   RAISING PUBLIC AWARENESS

Most child abuse prevention organizations have public awareness materials that they will share with Kiwanis clubs. Rather than starting from scratch, clubs should seek-out these organizations and ask permission to use printed and video public service announcements, radio spots or art for fliers and brochures. Some also offer “op-ed” pieces that can be submitted to newspapers 

Below are two additional websites providing current information on child abuse information

and 

This information was sent by former Kiwanis International President Wil Blechman, current Chairman of the Young Children Kiwanis International Committee: "approximately 1500 of these abused children die annually. Worse, yet, is the torture some of these children undergo prior to death.

Another point to be made  is that in the U.S., more than three million reports are actually called in to the various state investigating agencies. While less than a million of these are confirmed, there is little question in the minds of experts in the field that there are likely a significant number which couldn't be proven but still actually occurred. Furthermore, what reinforces this as a Kiwanis Young Children issue is the percentage of child abuse deaths that occur before the age of five.

The information you have provided, as well as that which I've added suggest how much society pays in the future because of what we don't do to prevent problems early in life. Money is wasted because we have adults who can't function normally as a result of childhood abuse and end up in poor health, unable to learn, in jail or simply in situations where they take from society in the form of whatever safety nets are available rather than being able to provide positively to society.”

 I hope your Club will consider doing a project to help prevent Child Abuse. Every child deserves to be born into a world knowing and expecting warmth, love, nourishment and security. And isn't this what Kiwanis  is all about?

Sincerely,
Ava Adams, District Chair 
Young Children
New England and Bermuda District!


Saturday, March 16, 2019

YCPO - March 2019


March 2019 Young Children Newsletter


THE MISSION OF EasterSeals

EasterSeals is working to create a world where:
   •     Each child born with a disability is given the support necessary to participate fully in life and to have dreams and hopes, successes and achievements.
   •     Parents of a newly-diagnosed child with a disability are aware of the services and resources available to them and get unimpeded access to all necessary services.
   •     Children with disabilities are recognized by all as having vital contributions to make to our society.
   •     Communities value and support children with disabilities and their families.
   •     Access to appropriate child care is available for children with special needs.
   •     Families benefit from innovations and new technologies that help children with disabilities be as independent as possible.

Child Development Centers
Our Child Development Center Network is the largest provider of inclusive child care in the United States. EasterSeals serves thousands of young children and their families in a setting where children with disabilities and special needs comprise 25 percent of enrollment.

Early Intervention
Early intervention services help young children with disabilities achieve their goals in cognitive, social/emotional, communicative, adaptive and physical development.
Services may include occupational therapy to help an infant learn to hold her bottle, physical therapy to help her learn to roll over, or speech therapy to help her learn to eat. Most early intervention services take place in the home or, in the case of working parents, at child care facilities in the local community.

Locations of EasterSeals Rehabilitation Centers and Offices in New England

New Hampshire —EasterSeals New Hampshire(Rehabilitation Center)
555 Auburn Street,
Manchester, NH 03103

Maine - EasterSeals Maine, Portland
125 Presumpscot Street,
Portland, ME 04103

Easter Seals Massachusetts
484 Main Street, Denholm Building
Worcester, MA 01608-1817

EasterSeals Rhode Island, Wakefield
213 Robinson Street,
Wakefield, RI 02879

Easter Seals
5 Woodruff Ave
Narragansett, Rhode Island

EasterSeals Vermont
641 Comstock Road, Suite 1
Berlin, VT 05602

Connecticut — EasterSeals Rehabilitation Center of Greater Waterbury
22 Tompkins Street,
Waterbury, Connecticut
Children ages: 3 to 5 years

EasterSeals Capital Region & Eastern Connecticut
100 Deerfield Road,
Windsor, CT 06095
EasterSeals Coastal Fairfield County
733 Summer Street,
Stamford, CT 06901

EasterSeals serves 1.4 million children and adults with disabilities and their families, offering a wide range of services at 73 affiliates nationwide. Easter Seals changes the way the world defines and views disability by making profound, positive differences in people's lives every day, helping their clients build the skills and access the resources they need to live, learn, work and play.

Services include:
   •     Accessibility Resources
   •     Autism Services
   •     Camping & Recreation
   •     Day Care
   •     Employment & Training
   •     In-Home Care
   •     Mental Health Services
   •     Therapy
   •     Veteran Reintegration
   •     Senior Career Employment
   •     Respite Services
   •    
How Can Kiwanis Clubs Help?

   1     Contact EasterSeals in your locale and request a Speaker come to your Club to explain how Kiwanis members can help.
   2     Have a fundraiser for EasterSeals.
   3     Register for an EasterSeals Walk With Me Event Near You — Raise funds as an individual or as part of a team.
   4     Sponsor a Walk With Me Participant — Support friends participating in an EasterSeals Walk With Me event.
   5     Join the Presidents' Council — Make a vital difference in the lives of people living with disabilities with a donation of $1,000 or more.
   6     Recycle for EasterSeals — Help the environment and raise money for EasterSeals. Recycle your cell phone, laser and inkjet cartridges, and more, to generate funds to help support children and adults with disabilities and their families. Learn more about this eco-friendly, fundraising initiative.

Feel Good About Giving to EasterSeals

EasterSeals primary services benefit over 1.3 million individuals each year through more than 550 centers nationwide, in Puerto Rico and Australia. For children and adults with disabilities and their families, every donation counts. Find out how your contribution makes a difference.
For 25 years, EasterSeals has been first among National Health Council members for the percentage (94 percent) of program dollars allocated to providing direct services.

For more information go to


Sincerely,
Ava Adams
District Chair, Young Children Committee
Scarborough Maine Kiwanis Club
New England and Bermuda
Member, Kiwanis International Committee on
Young Children